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Title: Differential Uptake of Endosulfan in the South American Toad Under Sublethal Exposure
Authors: Svartz, Gabriela Veronica 
Marino, Damian Jose Gabriel 
Ronco, Alicia Estela 
Perez Coll, Cristina Silvia 
Issue Date: Jul-2015
Publisher: Springer
Source: Svartz, G. V.; Marino, D. J. G.; Ronco, A. E.; Perez Coll, C. S. (jul 2015). Differential Uptake of Endosulfan in the South American Toad Under Sublethal Exposure; Springer; Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; 69 (1), 104-111
Agroecosystems are usually polluted with a wide variety of contaminants with pesticides being very frequently detected. Endosulfan, an organochlorine pesticide, has been shown to cause both lethal and sublethal effects on aquatic organisms such as amphibians and especially on its early developmental stages. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the uptake of environmentally relevant concentrations of endosulfan and its correlation with differential sensitivity in the early development stages of the common South American toad, Rhinella arenarum. Embryos and larvae were exposed to sublethal concentrations of endosulfan for several periods of exposures. According to the developmental stage at which they were exposed, the uptake rate was different. Bioconcentration factors (BCFs) for embryos significantly decreased with exposure time and concentration (p < 0.05) reaching a BCF of ≤1679 for embryos at 96 h of exposure to 0.001 mg endosulfan L−1. BCFs for larvae significantly increased with exposure time (p < 0.05) obtaining a maximum of 40 at 504 h. In our previous study, we reported that embryos were less sensitive to the effects of endosulfan than larvae, which is in line with the main tendency of embryos to bioconcentrate endosulfan as observed in this study.
ISSN: 0090-4341
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
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